ESCAP focuses on issues that are most effectively addressed through regional cooperation, including:
- Issues that all or a group of countries in the region face, for which it is necessary to learn from each other;
- Issues that benefit from regional or multi-country involvement;
- Issues that are transboundary in nature, or that would benefit from collaborative inter-country approaches;
- Issues that are of a sensitive or emerging nature and require further advocacy and negotiation.
Transport work focuses on the evidence for, and development of, sustainable policies in transport that contribute to green growth and regional connectivity with the dissemination to Member States of those policies. Areas of work includes: Asian Highway, Trans Asian Railway, Dry Ports, logistics, Public Transport for urban development, transport and disaster management, greener materials and construction techniques, inter island shipping and inland and coastal waterways.