A 2010 SSATP program study – “Making Transport Climate Resilient” – investigated roads in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Mozambique aiming to establish a knowledge base; deliver guidelines for road transport planning and policies decisions, and contribute to the creation of awareness of transport and climate change issues in Africa. The study presents an assessment of potential construction cost increases (full adaptation) due to climate change for upgrading gravel to paved road (cost per km/road) in 2050. The results provide an indication of the economic pressures facing transport operators and government ministries tasked with managing national transport sectors.
An approach paper prepared by the SSATP in early 2011 provides recommendations to SSATP on a two-year strategy and work plan to address questions related to mitigation and adaptation to climate change in the African transport sector. The paper suggests a number of actions that reflect on the strategic recommendations for building regional cooperation and enhancing knowledge for Africa, regional workshops, and guidance material.
Following the 17th Conference of the Parties (COP17) in Durban, South Africa, which identified the need to strengthen regional cooperation on sustainable transport and climate change in Africa, the SSATP has launched an initiative to create an Environmentally Sustainable Transport Forum (ESTF) in Africa. The Forum will serve as a regional cooperation mechanism that would engage the participants from countries of Africa into a policy dialogue about the challenges posed by the need for environmental sustainability in the transport sector while meeting long-term development goals. EST-Africa would be a policy-oriented forum informed by a vibrant community of officials, practitioners, NGOs and stakeholders involved in various aspects of transport, climate change and environment, including finance, on a regular basis. The primary goals of the EST-Africa would be to:
- Develop a collective understanding of the transport and environment community at regional, national and sub-national levels, on the need and opportunities to develop resilient, low-carbon sustainable transportation policies.
- Inform policy and provide a mechanism for policy coordination, through an annual declaration at ministry level.
- Provide guidance to government officials and other stakeholders on how to design and implement resilient low-carbon transportation, in the context of available international climate governance, such as NAMAs, NAPAs and other mechanisms for financing and crediting. This would be done through an annual event such as a workshop, conference, or seminar, and preparation of supporting documentation and case studies describing experience and best practices for wide dissemination.
- Initiate National Road Maps for Adaptation and Mitigation.
- Strengthen input to international negotiating frameworks, such as the Conferences of the Parties (COPs).