The Paris Agreement on Climate Change sets an overall long-term direction for climate change policy which should be in line with the ambitious target of limiting temperature increase (’well below 2°C’ above pre-industrial levels, and to aim for a temperature increase of not more than 1.5°C’). For the Transport sector, the goal is to largely decarbonize and move from 7.7 Gt emissions/year down to 3 or 2 Gt by mid-century. Transport will be part of a “net-zero emission” economy, in which remaining emissions from specific sectors will need to be sequestered or off-set through other means.
The Global Macro-Roadmap covers a 2020-2050+ timeline and includes both short as well as mid- to long-term actions. This Roadmap aims to give a realistic (technically feasible) vision, with an operational focus for each segment of the Transport sector (people and freight; road, railway, aviation, waterborne; urban and rural). It is driven by new sustainable and inclusive growth opportunities called for by the SDGs.
The Roadmap focuses on identifying a balanced package of actions taking into account the main sustainable transport paradigm which combines Avoid(reduce unnecessary travel through e.g. land use planning or logistics redesign and halting counterproductive regulation that incentivizes travel by individual motorized vehicles),Shift (shift movement of goods and people to the most efficient modes, by scaling up good practices) and Improve(improve environmental performance of fuels and powertrains, intermodality and transport management).
Proposed components in the Global Macro Roadmap include:
Component 1: Urban transformation – Leverage aspiration for healthier, inclusive lifestyles and efficient prosperous cities to drive de-carbonization
Component 2: Low-carbon energy supply strategy
Component 3: Improve modal and system efficiencies
Component 4: De-fragment and shorten supply chains to manage freight Transport emissions
Component 5: Avoiding vehicle kilometers for commuting, shopping and accessing services
Component 6: Provide low-carbon solutions for the rural (non-urban) populations
Component 7: Accelerate action on adaptation in the transport sector
Component 8: Large scale deployment economic instruments giving a value to carbon, and which catalyze the transformation of the transport sector
The Global Macro Roadmap concept was presented first to the EU Informal Council of Ministers (Environment and Transport) in Amsterdam in April 2016. Further presentations were made at a range of meetings throughout 2016. The Global Macro Roadmap was a central element in the Transport Showcase and Transport Dialogue, which the PPMC helped to organize during COP 22 at the invitation of the two High Level Champions on Climate Change, as well as in the Round-table for Transport Ministers and the Round Table for Transport CEOs. Lastly, the wider sustainable Transport community discussed the relevance of Global Macro-Roadmap in the annual Transport Day organized by the PPMC on November 13th 2016 as part of COP22.
The results of the consultations and the discussions on March 24th will be integrated in the next draft of the Roadmap, which will be presented in the context of the May session of the UNFCCC in Bonn, Germany