This study assesses why low carbon high volume transport solutions are not being actively implemented in the selected priority low-income countries in Africa and South Asia and looks at what could be done to strengthen their capacity to accelerate the implementation of such solutions. It is based on primary research with active outreach to key experts in research institutions, government departments, the private sector, and implementing agencies in the group of project countries. Peer-reviewed and grey-literature reviews were also conducted.
The principal findings show that the respondents prioritise transport interventions that address the mechanics of improving transport services for their core constituents. Highest priority is given to the reduction of road congestion (67% of respondents cited this as a high priority), the provision of affordable transport and mobility (cited this as high priority by 62%) and the provision of improved access/accessibility (cited by 40%). Of lower priority were air quality (18% of respondents) and climate change mitigation—mentioned by only 11%.
The responses tell a story of how, because low carbon is not a central priority for transport interventions, funding is lacking, regulations and applicable legislation are not in place, and there is often no clear policy that promotes low carbon transport. The study analyses specific barriers to low carbon transport and proposes a capacity building strategy to fill this gap with a practical focus on accelerating low carbon transport implementation.