The Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) release a new report on low carbon transport in IsDB member countries. The report shows major challenges and needs, potential transport policy activities and areas of required action.
Islamic Development Bank member countries’ challenges and needs
Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) member countries (MCs) face a number of challenges, including rapid urbanization, rising motorization rates, growing greenhouse gas emissions, climate change vulnerabilities, upstream capacity constraints and limited pipelines for infrastructure projects. Infrastructure stock in IsDB MCs is relatively low compared to population and increasing transport demand; therefore, more infrastructure for public transport, and especially urban rail systems, is a critical need.
In a business-as-usual scenario, transport emissions in IsDB MCs are projected to double between 2020 and 2050, and current mitigation ambition is insufficient in sub-regions/income groups with rapid growth. The majority of the projected growth in emissions among IsDB MCs up to 2050 is expected among those that are currently at lower emissions levels, and few IsDB MCs have developed long-term emissions reduction strategies.
A diversity of transport conditions is observed within each IsDB sub-region and income group; thus, detailed policies must be defined around emerging groupings (e.g. the transport sector’s share of carbon dioxide emissions is projected to increase most significantly in Southern Asia and Western Africa, and to decrease significantly in Western Asia). Therefore, a set of balanced transport and climate change solutions must consider specific country conditions complemented by sub-regional and income group characteristics.
At the same time, robust transport data are lacking for key indicators in many IsDB MCs; much potential analysis is thus constrained by data availability. There are few reliable data on passenger and freight transport activity (e.g. passenger- and ton-kilometres by mode and in total), and aggregated information on mode share in cities is not widely available in IsDB MCs.
Analysis of policy areas and responses
This report addresses the needs and challenges described through seven areas of analysis. A primary recommendation for each of these areas is given below, with supporting trends, best practices and recommended actions spelled out in more detail in the ‘Conclusions and recommendations’ section.
General conclusions and areas for future work
The analysis in this report has yielded a number of general conclusions to support the specific recommendations:
The analysis also suggests several areas for future research and action to transform responses to transport and climate change among IsDB MCs: