The transport sector has a critical role to play in achieving climate change mitigation targets and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the Paris Agreement on climate change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provide a useful framework to help scale up sustainable transport measures. However, further alignment between these global processes is required to raise ambition and measure progress to realise the full potential of sustainable low-carbon transport in achieving these goals. This alignment is required both in the governance of the processes themselves and in the coordination among the national and sub-national actors formulating and putting them into practice.
This report, the result of the second phase of IsDB and SLoCaT collaboration, emphasises that a successful implementation of sustainable transport measures in the context of the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda must involve concerted and coordinated efforts to more closely link the processes of developing, implementing and tracking progress toward Nationally-Determined Contributions (NDCs) and Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs).
The report links mechanisms in the climate change and sustainable development frameworks with the objective to identify synergies for the development, implementation and reporting on sustainable transport for IsDB member countries. In conducting a detailed analysis of the transport dimension in a subset of IsDB countries’ NDCs and their VNRs – a mechanism to assess progress toward SDG goals and targets – the report addresses the following primary questions:
This report presents a general analysis of IsDB member countries (based on available data) and conducts a focused analysis of synergies between the NDCs and SDGs in six IsDB member countries (i.e. Cameroon, Indonesia, Kuwait, Pakistan, Tunisia and Turkey) representing different sub-regions and income groups. The guidance section also introduces relevant examples and best practices from other IsDB countries (e.g. Jordan, Morocco and Saudi Arabia). The analysis of the six focus countries reveals that there is a need to better integrate various elements of sustainable, low carbon transport within NDCs, VNRs and national transport strategies and indicates the need for a framework to support more transparent and effective decision-making, which can accommodate and reconcile the interest of multi-stakeholders.