X. Industry, trade, and transport are shaped to support a circular economy, local value creation, and short and resilient logistic chains.
The transport sector’s ability to reduce its consumption of energy and resources, and to curb emissions is conditioned by the transport demand it has to satisfy. Industry and trade policies are to promote more circular and local economies, less de-fragmented value chains and dispersed production sites that allow transport to operate more efficiently.
The transport industry itself should operate its value chain more sustainably by using resources efficiently and designing components, vehicles and infrastructure for easy and local production, maintenance and recycling. Trade of polluting and unsafe second hand vehicles and components, often exported from the Global North to the Global South, is an irresponsible transfer of negative effects and must be terminated.