III. Rural and interurban mobility services are low in emissions and focus on users’ needs to improve access.
Whereas the Global North has grown a strong car-dependency in rural and interurban mobility, the Global South lacks roads and transport services. For both, rail and coach services should connect rural communities and metropolitan areas through local and sprint connections, responding to different social groups’ travel needs and budgets. On-demand transport services should provide connections to larger transport hubs; safe facilities for walking and cycling that allow people getting around locally have to be deployed. The electrification of light and very light vehicles can well be combined with distributed production of solar electricity.
To foster car-independent rural and interurban access for people, and increase connectivity of goods and markets, systemic approaches need to replace just road building, and be designed with users’ needs in mind.