II. Cities are compact and managed to maximise access to socio-economic opportunities, health, and equity for all.
The way we design and manage cities determines their capacity for social and economic prosperity: compact cities, with mixed land use and short distances to jobs and amenities reduce the need for motorised trips, nourish social cohesion and community living. They make better and more efficient use of space and spending on infrastructure. They reduce road crashes and air pollution, and time and productivity lost in travel and congestion.
Transport and cities planning and management must be shaped to support each other to provide access, protect health and increase equity of a growing urban population.