In preparation of COP 21, countries have agreed to publicly outline their post-2020 climate action plans, known as their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). Jordan and the Ivory Coast have recently submitted their INDCs and transport relative mitigations are quite substantive.
The key observations are as follows:
- Jordan has committed to an unconditional economy-wide reduction of 1.5% from a 2030 Business As Usual (BAU) scenario, further; an additional conditional target of a 12.5% reduction with international support.
- In 2006, Jordan’s transport sector emitted about 16% of its total national GHG emissions.
- In their mitigation plan, The role of the energy sector and sub-sectors as the leading emitter of GHGs is expected to increase in the future from 73 % of total emissions in the year 2006 to 83 % in the year 2040 according to a BAU scenario. Therefore, it is anticipated to focus the mitigation efforts of the Country on this sector.
- The estimated cost to reach the 14% target is USD 5.7 billion USD
The Interventions Jordan proposes in the transport sector to reach this level of mitigation is as follows:
- Launching the MoT’s long term national transport strategy in 2014 in which the sustainable transport is one of its pillars;
- Increasing the total number of commuters using public transport as a percentage of the total number to 25 % by 2025;
- The environmental sustainability of Jordan’s transport strategies are focused on three main aspects, namely – emissions, energy consumption, and traffic reduction. Thus, focus is on reducing all emissions from transport sector (i.e. CO2, CO, PM, NOx);
- Reducing percentage of fuel consumption (in tons per day) achieved through the implementation of the transport strategy;
- Vehicle travel reduction at national level and in densely populated areas by type of vehicle (i.e. car, HGV, LGV);
- Implementing the national BRT system;
- Implementing the railway system,
- Implementing policies related to fleet characteristics to enhance efficiency and reduce emissions;
- Ensuring the inclusion of energy efficiency considerations when buying vehicles.
The Ivory Coast’s INDC
- The Ivory Coast has committed to an unconditional reduction of 28% from a 2030 Business As Usual (BAU) scenario, further; a conditional target of 8% increasing to 36% reduction with international support.
- In 2012, The Ivory Coast’s transport sector emitted about 15% of its total national GHG emissions and its share could increase to about 19% by 2030 under business-as-usual scenario.
- In their mitigation plan, transport sector contribution in total mitigation is about 16% in 2030 with transport sector reducing by about 30% below BAU under low carbon scenario.
- Under both conditional and unconditional target, transport sector mitigation would remain the same.
The Interventions the Ivory Coast proposes in the transport sector to reach this level of mitigation are as follows:
- Developing low carbon transport options and managing mobility
- Integrating the energy/climate dimension into regional planning processes in order to limit distances travelled, promote mixed land use functions and to propose public transport policies;
- Assisting local governments in developing their urban transport plans (for example urban rail in Abidjan)
- Facilitating the purchase of low emission vehicles and to scrap high polluting vehicles through the introduction of standards, incentives and legal means
Jordan’s INDC can be downloaded here.
The Ivory Coast’s INDC can be downloaded here.