Climate Change Mitigation is expected to gain in importance in a new post 2012 Climate Agreement. This makes it increasingly relevant for the transport sector in developing countries to contribute to such mitigation efforts. Transport has not done well under the current CDM. This was partly due to the reason that the specific characteristics of the transport sector were not taken into consideration during the detailed design of CDM. Proposals are now being discussed, and are included in the draft negotiation text, with respect to instruments/mechanisms to support mitigation efforts by developing countries.
The Climate Instruments for the Transport Sector (CITS) study, commissioned by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) in support of the Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT), gives an assessment of the current state of affairs with regard to the impact on the transport sector in developing countries by the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Clean Technology Fund (CTF). Based on desk analysis and case studies in Asian and Latin American cities, the study also provides recommendations for the successful scale-up of climate finance and capacity building, particularly by the use of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for the transport sector.
Apart from the main report the CITS project includes the following case studies:
- Standardized Baselines (SBL)s for BRT, lessons from current climate finance and local conditions in Hefei, China, implemented by the Wuppertal Institute
- Jakarta, Transport Demand Management (TDM) NAMA, implemented by the Transport Research Laboratory
- Belo Horizonte, Urban Transport NAMA, implemented by EMBARQ
- Mexico, Optimization of conventional bus system NAMA , implemented by Ecofys